Thanks to Kohli, India was eventually dismissed for 274 - for a first-innings deficit of 13 runs - having been 3-59, 5-100 and 7-169 at various stages. India were reduced to 100/5 and it was on Kohli to show some resistance and he did exactly that. India captain Virat Kohli smashed his 22nd Test century in hard conditions, he stood tall as wickets fell around him.
Kohli dismissed the England skipper for 70 with a direct hit - a brilliant bit of fielding at square leg - and then celebrated with a "mic drop" in retaliation to Root's own in clinching the preceding one-day series between the two teams.
"Once we got a good start, we should've capitalised on it".
AFTERNOON SESSION (India 160-6, England 287): What a session that was, it was Test cricket at its best - high drama, tension and sporting intensity.
It looked as if the day might belong to Sam Curran when the 20-year-old Surrey left-arm swing bowler, in just his second match at this level, removed India's top order with a spell of three for eight in eight balls en route to Test-best figures of four for 74 in 17 overs.
India's Captain Virat Kohli walks back to the pavilion.
Keaton Jennings survived on nine when Ajinkya Rahane dived in front of Kohli off Ishant Sharma, from fourth across third slip, but could not hold the edge.
Booed by the crowd when he came out to bat, Kohli left to applause from the England fielders and fans alike.
Just four runs were added to Indian total when India lost KL Rahul. who scored mere four runs.
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While all the focus was on the James Anderson-Virat Kohli's showdown, this moment could be the second-best moment of the day.
Cook's dismissal - bowled again by a fine delivery from Ravichandran Ashwin - leaves the game in the balance. Taking advantage of dropped opportunities, Virat Kohli scored his first ever century in England.
Ben Stokes could not continue to convert his start into a big inning as he handed over a simple catch to Ashwin on his bowling.
England only managed to add two runs to their overnight total on Thursday following their dramatic collapse in Wednesday's final session.
That set up the tourists to put yet more pressure on Root and Co.by making early headway into England's below-par total.
Till the lunch procession intervened, India was on 76 for the loss of three wickets.
Brother of legendary Hanif Mohammad, Mushtaq played in 57 Test matches and 10 One-day Internationals for Pakistan between March 1959 and March 1979. However, the entire scenario changed after Sam Curran was introduced into the attack by Joe Root.
Virat Kohli on his way to his maiden ton at Edgbaston.