This trip, which has been in the works for months, was originally supposed to include meetings with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, the grand imam of Egypt's Al-Azhar mosque and the pope of the Egyptian Coptic Church, who leads the largest Christian denomination in the Middle East. Pence had also planned to visit Bethlehem.
Trump's decision on Jerusalem and announcement in December that the United States would start the process of moving its embassy from Tel Aviv led to uproar and protest in the region.
In addition to the call with Megahed, three other audio recordings of strikingly similar telephone conversations with the same intelligence agent, Capt. Kholi, were all provided to The New York Times by an intermediary supportive of the Palestinian cause and opposed to Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi.
Observers say Pence's visit may provoke further clashes and unrest in the region.
Pence will be in the region between January 19 and 23 and "will address the shared need to combat terrorism and assist persecuted religious minorities", according to the statement. Palestinians are poised to continue their protests until Trump withdraws his decision.
The global community does not recognise Israeli sovereignty over the full city.
Meghan Markle Shuts Down Social Media Accounts
Prince Harry and his brother Prince William support youth projects through their charitable foundation. It would be safe to assume that Meghan is preparing for her new role as a part of the royal family .
Pence is not expected to meet with the Palestinians, who have sought to make Israel-annexed east Jerusalem their capital.
Egypt was among one of the first countries to criticise the decision by US President Donald Trump, which prompted widespread global condemnation and deadly protests in the occupied Palestinian territories. Instead, he said, preoccupied by concerns about their own stability, the Arab leaders signalled that - while they may not like the decision - they "will find a way to work with it", and "with a White House that is prepared to break with what had been taboos in American foreign policy".
Egypt has long maintained its support for the establishing of a Palestinian state along the 1967 borders with East Jerusalem as its capital.
In the Times report, al-Kholi allegedly told the news hosts, "How is Jerusalem different from Ramallah, really?".
The approach has pushed back against an global consensus that Jerusalem's status should be decided in negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians and comes as Trump has vowed to press forward with plans to help broker peace between Israel and the Palestinians.
Kholi said conflict with Israel was not in Egypt's best interest, and that Palestinians should recognise Ramallah, a West Bank town that houses the Palestinian Authority, as their capital. Jordan has a large population of Palestinian origin, and the king serves as guardian of the third holiest site of Islam, located in east Jerusalem.